The Complete Guide to Cremation
Planning a cremation doesn’t have to be difficult or complicated. You can learn everything you need to know with our simple and comprehensive guide to cremation.
What do scientist Albert Einstein, psychiatrist Sigmund Freud, musician George Harrison, and actor Christopher Reeve have in common? Besides being famous, they all chose to be cremated.
While cremation was not so common back when many of these celebrities died, it has become an increasingly popular alternative to traditional funerals with people like you and me considering it for ourselves or a loved one. According to the National Funeral Directors Association, cremation was the choice for 48.5% in 2015 and projected to be 54.3% by 2020. It was just 4% in 1960.
Why Cremation Has Become a Popular Choice
People are choosing cremation over traditional funerals for different reasons:
- Cremations are flexible in that you have the option of whether or not you want any type of remembrance ceremony (e.g. a funeral or visitation) beforehand. Having a service before the cremation allows family to say goodbye to the body of their loved one. With a memorial service held after the cremation, you can choose to have it any time.
- Cremations are typically less expensive than traditional funerals (we’ll cover costs in a moment) because there is often no need for a traditional casket, preparation of the remains, a cemetery plot or headstone.
- Cremains are portable. If you move, your loved one’s ashes move with you. It’s difficult for some people to have to move away from city or town where the grave of a loved one is located.
- Cremations are considered an environmentally friendly option. At some point in the future, we may simply run out of land to bury our dead. China is currently facing a similar problem. The country has only 3,000 cemeteries (compared to the U.S.’s 50,000) and those burial plots are quickly filling up. According to Want China Times, experts are predicting the country will run out of allocated burial land within six years. To try and remedy the situation, the government offers incentives to have citizens choose cremation over burial.
The Cremation Process
Most people are curious about the exact process of cremation and that’s understandable. You want to know what is going to happen to your loved one’s body. Before cremation can take place, pacemakers and other implanted medical devices must be removed, as these can explode under very high temperatures, causing potential hazards to the crematory staff and equipment. Some jewelry also can be destroyed during the cremation process, so before your loved one is transferred to the crematory, ask the funeral director to remove any items you’d like to keep
Once the casket or container arrives at the crematory, it is placed in the cremation chamber, where the temperature is approximately 1400 degrees to 1800 degrees Fahrenheit. It will typically take 2 to 2 1/2 hours for all organic matter to be consumed. If they choose, family members may request to be present. When the process is complete, only bone fragments are left behind, which are known as cremated remains or ashes. These are removed from the chamber and allowed to cool. Any metal is removed with a magnet. Then the cremated remains are processed into fine particles and placed in a temporary container. If the family has already purchased an urn, the remains are placed directly in it. Rest assured that the entire cremation process is respectful, and a careful system ensures correct identification.
Like funerals, cremation costs vary throughout the country. The average cost of a cremation with services handled through a traditional funeral home is between $2,000 and $4,000. These prices will include the actual cremation itself and the cost of a basic memorial service. It should be mentioned that including a service before the cremation will raise the costs because you will be required to purchase a traditional casket and pay for the funeral director’s basic services. For Graceland’s Cremation Package and options, click here.
What Can You Do with Your Loved One’s Cremated Remains?
Another benefit of cremation is that it allows for a variety of options that can be done with the cremated remains.. Let’s take a look at some of the most common choices:
The Traditional Urn
Perhaps the most traditional choice is to enshrine a loved one’s ashes is in a beautiful urn that can then be placed somewhere prominently in your home. Of course, if you’ve seen the movie “Meet the Parents” you will no doubt remember the incident with the flying cork and DiNiro’s mother’s ashes taking a spill off the mantle. While the results were hilarious in the film, people should be sure to place the urn where it will be secure.
A columbarium is a place within a cemetery or church that houses cremated remains in individual “niches.” Although some prefer this option because they feel it gives their loved one a dignified resting place, it also provides a place for all family members to visit. Of course, there is a cost associated with a columbarium, which range from $500 to $5,000 or more
Divided Among Family Members
Who decides who gets to keep Dad’s ashes? Cremated remains can divided among family members so everyone can keep dad close. Besides urns, ashes may also be kept in:
- Memorial jewelry, such as necklaces, bracelets and rings for both men and women
- Keepsakes, including glass works of art
- Unique items such as vinyl records and paintings
Scattering can be done in varied locations. Here are just a few possibilities:
- Public Places: Maybe your family member requested to have their ashes scattered in, on, or around someplace they considered very special. You should definitely check with your local ordinances to know what is permissible. National parks, for instance, do not permit ashes to be scattered.
- Private Land: Scattering on someone else’s private property, such as a loved one’s favorite sports stadium, , is only permitted if you obtain permission. Don’t believe us? Just ask the guy who was arrested after running onto the field during an Eagle’s game to scatter his mom’s ashes.
- At Sea: You may also want to scatter your loved one’s ashes at sea if the person had an affinity for the ocean. Maritime requirements permit scattering the ashes at least three miles out from shore.
- By Air: You can scatter loved ones ashes by air, such as in a hot air balloon or from small planes with a licensed pilot, such as Chicago-based Aerial Egress. There are companies that will even include a small portion of the ashes in a fireworks display.
Whether you choose to go with a traditional funeral or a cremation with a memorial service, what’s really important is how you celebrate your loved one’s life and spirit. For even more ideas, read our article: 15 Things You Can Do with Your Loved One’s Ashes.
by Jenna Bruce, Gardens of Memory Contributor